Independent Strategic Analysis of Australia’s Global Interests

Leading Strategic Research on Australia’s Future

Future Directions International (FDI) is an independent, not-for-profit Research Institute. It was established in 2000, by Major General (Retd) the Honourable Michael Jeffery (former Governor General of Australia) together with a small group of leading Australians, to conduct comprehensive research of important medium to long-term issues facing Australia.

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17 June 2021

While officials in the Biden Administration have emphasised that Pakistan is important to US foreign policy, especially in the context of achieving the withdrawal of the remaining US troops in Afghanistan, many believe that the White House should have been more pro-active in its engagement with Pakistan. For Islamabad, having drawn closer to Beijing, striking a balance between its relationships with the US and China has become more difficult and the US-Pakistan relationship will be greatly influenced by the Beijing-Washington nexus.

News from the CEO

  • 18 June 2021
    What’s Next?

    Iranian voters will elect their country’s next president on 18 June, while Ethiopians will go to the polls in federal and regional council elections on 21 June.

  • 10 June 2021
    What’s Next?

    On 10 June, Prime Minister Scott Morrison travels to the G7 summit in Cornwall via Singapore. While there, he will meet with Singapore PM Lee Hsien Loong to discuss the Comprehensive Strategic Partnership, COVID-19 and Indo-Pacific developments.

  • 6 May 2021
    What’s Next?

    The Japanese Self-Defence Force will host its first-ever joint military exercise with US and French ground forces in the country’s south-west, from 11-17 May.

  • 27 April 2021
    What’s Next?

    The nineteenth iteration of the annual France-India Varuna naval exercise wraps up in the Arabian Sea on 27 April.


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For #Islamabad, striking a balance between its relationships with the #US and #China has become more difficult and…
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