Sino-Indian military posturing and muscle-flexing continues in the eastern Ladakh region. Alongside diplomatic efforts to reduce tensions along the Line of Actual Control (LAC), India should insist on the proper delimitation and demarcation of the LAC, pending a permanent settlement of the border, while also firmly holding its ground in any prolonged standoff through the approaching winter.
The return of Mahinda Rajapaksa as Sri Lankan Prime Minister will likely attract further Chinese investments and loans to the country, but has caused concern in New Delhi about Colombo’s further inclination towards Beijing. India, with its sluggish economic growth and limited financial capacity to lure Sri Lanka away from China, must instead continue to support Sri Lanka in in such matters as housing projects, education, health, transportation systems, small and medium business development and training.
Indonesia, and to a lesser extent India, have jurisdiction over the major maritime choke points of the Malacca Strait, the Six-Degree Channel and the Sunda Strait, through all of which large volumes of maritime trade pass. Both have been made uneasy by China’s expansionist maritime activities and its ambivalence towards international law. As custodians of vital maritime choke points, India and Indonesia have a duty to ensure that the rules-based order is maintained in those waters.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan have much in common despite their different religious backgrounds. Both are leaders of constitutionally secular states, yet both have adopted an agenda of majoritarianism, underpinned by a commitment to nationalist political views in a rejection of the ideals espoused by the founders of modern Turkey and India.
Soil scientist Declan McDonald has hosted a series of eight short videos articulating the key principles of Regenerative Agriculture. Topics covered include introducing regenerative agriculture, minimising soil disturbance, maximising crop diversity, keeping soil covered, maintaining living roots systems year-round, integrating livestock and trees, and how farmers can transition to regenerative agriculture.
Many Pakistanis perceive an agonising drift from democracy in their country and are gradually awakening to the reality that the China model of rule – reduced opposition, controlled society and structured consent – is becoming the norm in their country. The Pakistani media and judiciary are victims of that trend.
The two Prime Ministers have indeed raised the bar in the relationship, even if that outcome may be more the result of circumstance than whole-heartedly planned effort. They may even be able to take the on-again, off-again Indo-Australian relationship to a point where (yet another) newly comprehensive elevation of earlier strategic partnerships enables institutional, political, defence and security undertakings to reach solid ground.
Prime Minister Modi has promised “bold reforms” to create a self-reliant India, that is more engaged in attracting international investment and playing a bigger role in the global supply chain. While the promise is of a future self-reliant India, the building blocks were in place. Overseas development industries have started, land acquisition is becoming less onerous, and labour laws are under reform.
Over the coming decades, humanity needs to address fundamental challenges relating to the provision of adequate and sustainable food and water supplies, protection of habitats and meeting changing climatic conditions. The implementation of a regeneration strategy has the potential to deliver immense opportunities and outcomes for northern and rural Australia. It could produce a more productive and resilient landscape while creating new social, economic and environmental opportunities. It could also deliver significant national and global benefits through increased food and fibre production and reduced greenhouse gas emissions.
The strategic competition among major powers has already pushed the world into an undeclared “Third World War”, with changed dimensions and instruments of warfare. In that context, the COVID-19 pandemic demonstrates the devastating potential of viruses as a weapon of mass destruction capable of changing the intensity, dimension and trajectory of a conflict. The primary battleground of such a Third World War will be the Indo-Pacific region, with the world having already entered in its preparatory phase, albeit without recognising or declaring it as such.