Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan have much in common despite their different religious backgrounds. Both are leaders of constitutionally secular states, yet both have adopted an agenda of majoritarianism, underpinned by a commitment to nationalist political views in a rejection of the ideals espoused by the founders of modern Turkey and India.
Soil scientist Declan McDonald has hosted a series of eight short videos articulating the key principles of Regenerative Agriculture. Topics covered include introducing regenerative agriculture, minimising soil disturbance, maximising crop diversity, keeping soil covered, maintaining living roots systems year-round, integrating livestock and trees, and how farmers can transition to regenerative agriculture.
Many Pakistanis perceive an agonising drift from democracy in their country and are gradually awakening to the reality that the China model of rule – reduced opposition, controlled society and structured consent – is becoming the norm in their country. The Pakistani media and judiciary are victims of that trend.
The two Prime Ministers have indeed raised the bar in the relationship, even if that outcome may be more the result of circumstance than whole-heartedly planned effort. They may even be able to take the on-again, off-again Indo-Australian relationship to a point where (yet another) newly comprehensive elevation of earlier strategic partnerships enables institutional, political, defence and security undertakings to reach solid ground.
Prime Minister Modi has promised “bold reforms” to create a self-reliant India, that is more engaged in attracting international investment and playing a bigger role in the global supply chain. While the promise is of a future self-reliant India, the building blocks were in place. Overseas development industries have started, land acquisition is becoming less onerous, and labour laws are under reform.
Over the coming decades, humanity needs to address fundamental challenges relating to the provision of adequate and sustainable food and water supplies, protection of habitats and meeting changing climatic conditions. The implementation of a regeneration strategy has the potential to deliver immense opportunities and outcomes for northern and rural Australia. It could produce a more productive and resilient landscape while creating new social, economic and environmental opportunities. It could also deliver significant national and global benefits through increased food and fibre production and reduced greenhouse gas emissions.
The strategic competition among major powers has already pushed the world into an undeclared “Third World War”, with changed dimensions and instruments of warfare. In that context, the COVID-19 pandemic demonstrates the devastating potential of viruses as a weapon of mass destruction capable of changing the intensity, dimension and trajectory of a conflict. The primary battleground of such a Third World War will be the Indo-Pacific region, with the world having already entered in its preparatory phase, albeit without recognising or declaring it as such.
Iran has not stopped its civilian nuclear programme, which is a front for the manufacture of weapons-grade nuclear material, as evidenced by its refusal to allow nuclear inspectors free and ready access to all of its nuclear facilities. The claims made by Tehran that it can, in fact, legitimately manufacture weapons-grade nuclear material for defence purposes are little more than another front for enhancing its missile programme.
Since his first election as Prime Minister in 2014, and again in 2019, India under Prime Minister Modi has seen the increasing adoption of prominent demonstrations of cultural nationalism and discrimination in favour of Hindu India and the enactment of populist policies that have damaged minorities, with protesters from across the spectrum painted as being “anti-national”.
Despite their mutual concerns over US activities, Sino-Russian co-operation in the region is a matter of convenience and necessity rather than a desire for closer relations. Central Asia, particularly Kyrgyzstan, readily demonstrates their mutually-exclusive interests and, thus, the potential for greater competition between the two countries should the unifying factor – the United States – be removed from the picture.