Improved relations with the United States and Israel could help Sudan repair its economy and improve food and water security. As that will help it gain access to international finance and assist it in expressing its interests in regional water sharing negotiations.
While there is uncertainty about future climate conditions, it is probable that South Africa, Australia and other regions with similar climate conditions will experience severe droughts that could deplete water sources, mainly as a result of climate change.
As Iran inaugurates the first stage of a major water transfer project this month, history shows that similar projects failed to alleviate water insecurity as they did not address the root causes of water scarcity.
Covid-19, severe weather events and pest outbreaks have meant that food security will continue to decline in the near future, with aid agencies increasingly unable to help.
Although India is keen to grant concessions to Bangladesh to keep it from China’s sphere of influence, domestic politics have prevented New Delhi from solving the long-standing water-sharing dispute with Dhaka.
Unprecedented challenges to Syria’s food security may worsen as the government struggles to procure wheat.
Water security in southern Iraq is likely to further decline in the near future as new dams are built in Iraqi Kurdistan.
The last La Niña weather event between 2010 and 2012 caused billions of dollars of damage in eastern Australia and the western Pacific. While this summer’s is expected to be less severe, it is likely to bring wetter conditions to the region.
While increasing rice production would reduce the country’s reliance on imported food, it is unlikely to be economically or environmentally beneficial.
The legislation is designed to give Indian farmers greater bargaining power in agricultural markets, which could improve their financial position and Indian food security.