There are compelling reasons to find ways to regularly and accurately measure soil carbon deep into the root zone across the full extent of cropping and pastoral lands, however, currently this remains a technological aspiration. The barriers to achieving a cost-effective solution are challenging but hopefully not insurmountable. There has been a strong commitment globally to carbon accounting and if these schemes are to be broadly successful, agriculture must be able to take advantage of, and contribute to, the economic and environmental benefits.
Since intervening in Yemen in 2015, the Saudi Arabian-led coalition against the Houthi rebels has become embedded in a protracted counterinsurgency. Not equipped or prepared to cope with such a scenario, progress has been limited, resulting in a dire humanitarian crisis. The resulting breakdown in human security has fuelled sectarian violence and further complicates the Saudi mission.
Chiense air, water and soil pollution must improve as these have a direct impact on food and water security. Addressing pollution levels will not be easy and will be costly for China. Australia is in a position to be able to assist through closer agricultural co-operation and knowledge sharing.
China and India are equally aware that neither can afford a prolonged standoff or an all-out conflict, as both stand to lose economically, politically and strategically in those situations. Despite the harsh rhetoric of recent times, there are signs of conciliation emanating from both countries, making a settled compromise more likely.
India’s groundwater has reached a crisis point after years of unsustainable extraction and contamination. Addressing the problems requires demand and supply-side initiatives that recognise the role of the hydrogeological settings of the country’s aquifers.
The two current frontrunners to replace Jacob Zuma as president of the African National Congress at the next ANC Elective Conference in December are Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa and former African Union Commission Chairperson Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma. While both are very accomplished, neither has a perfect track record and each has failings or perceived weaknesses.
As global temperatures rise, the risks to Australia’s biosecurity and our natural and agricultural environment are consequently increasing. Though existing policies and processes are sufficient to meet operational needs, robust response strategies for future and unknown threats must be developed. These strategies must include government at all levels, the private sector and allow for practical community involvement.
Absent a careful evaluation of every decision that they make in the course of the current standoff between their troops, China and India risk entering into a conflict which they can ill afford and that could retard their growth for a significant period of time.
Economic inequality in Indonesia is largely derived from the disproportionate amount of wealth and influence held by the top one per cent of the population. The consequences of that include greater susceptibility of the poor to extremism through cheap or free religious education, a lack of social services stemming from corruption and long-term economic costs for the whole country.
The strong India-Russia relationship, having diminished, appears to be set to be revived because of changed international circumstances. Russia needs India’s economic strengths just as much as India needs Russia’s technological and strategic advantages. This mutual need can only see the bilateral relationship grow once again.