The climate adaptation strategies that will be of most benefit to Indonesia include infrastructure reinforcement to gain resilience and robustness when faced with floods or droughts, the establishment of early warning systems, sustainable and adaptive farming practices and disaster insurance. This paper will suggest adaptation measures that can be taken by the Indonesian Government and the Indonesian people to prepare for a changing climate.
As a result of climatic change, Indonesia is likely to experience increased temperatures and more volatile dry and wet periods. Increased climate volatility is likely to reduce its domestic food and water security with implications for the supply of water to urban populations, the longevity of groundwater resources and agricultural productivity.
China has several reasons for wanting to enhance its ties with Afghanistan, including the need to tackle Islamic radicalism that threatens its Xinjiang province. Afghanistan also acts as a buffer state and provides a rich source of minerals, including lithium. If brought fully under Chinese influence, it would enable Beijing to replace the United States in the country and provide China with another route for its Belt and Road Initiative.
The National Landcare Programme is the latest iteration of a series of organisations focused on landcare and sustainable agriculture issues. The Programme coordinates several sub-programmes and funding stream components. These components include a National Stream of funding, a Regional Stream of funding, an Indigenous component and a Marine component. In this paper, FDI will describe and discuss the history, structure, objectives and achievements of the National Landcare Programme in preparation for a more detailed analysis of the various components of the programme in the future.
There are a number of reasons for the recent anti-establishment demonstrations in Iran, but one common thread that runs through those various causes is the economic hardship faced by ordinary Iranians on a daily basis. If the economy continues to languish, the demonstrations could herald a precarious period in the immediate future for the country’s theocratic rulers.
While parts of Africa are at risk of greater food insecurity in 2018, the long-term outlook for the continent is hopeful. Provided that current investment, research and assistance programmes are maintained and expanded as necessary, it is possible that the continent will begin to realise its underutilised agricultural potential.
Mohammed bin Salman’s Vision 2030 plan is designed to wean Saudi Arabia off its near-total dependence on oil exports, boost its economy and counter growing Iranian influence in the region. There could be great rewards for Saudi Arabia, and for him personally, if his efforts to achieve those goals prove successful – just as there could be major pitfalls and dangers for both if those fail.
Saudi Arabia is undergoing a revolution in its leadership, economy and social structure. It is unusual in that the impetus for change is coming from the very top, with Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman implementing remarkable reforms at the behest of his father, King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud. Even at this early stage, the unfolding royal revolution is having a major impact upon the kingdom, the region and beyond.
Despite the essential role soil plays, there is a worldwide increase in soil degradation due to inappropriate management practices, population pressure, unsustainable agriculture, climate change and inadequate governance. Since 2012, World Soil Day has been held annually on 5 December to raise awareness and focus attention on the importance of the sustainable management of healthy soil resources. The theme for World Soil Day 2017 is “Caring for the Planet starts from the Ground” to bring attention to the importance of soil and the problem of soil degradation.
Climate Change and Violent Conflict in Kenyan Pastoral Lands: UN Sustainable Development Goals Present a Way Forward
Climate change contributes to rising tensions between pastoral communities in north-west Kenya. Adaptive measures that help achieve sustainable growth and development could reduce the potential for conflict. The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals offer a foundation upon which to build a national response that is sensitive to the specific needs of pastoral communities.