The influence of Jawaharlal Nehru, as the first prime minister of India, remains relevant seventy years after independence. The dealings of current PM Narendra Modi with regional and global leaders demonstrate his personal charisma and political agility and speak of progression, rather than change. India’s past conflict and present competition with China conform to that pattern.
In a recent visit to the Sultanate by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Oman granted India the use of a strategic port and the two states signed several Memoranda of Understanding. As China’s presence in the Indian Ocean Region grows, India will continue to look to Oman, a longstanding partner, to help it to achieve its economic and maritime security interests in the Persian Gulf.
A valuable Chinese fishery could be facing significant damage causing Chinese fishermen to use the disaster to launch a more aggressive campaign into foreign fishing grounds.
Despite what some authorities believe will be total social disorder in the event of running out of water, South Africans may need humanitarian assistance above traditional military protection.
The purchase of eleven Sukhoi fighter jets is a small, but welcome upgrade. The larger process of expanding the Indonesian Air Force, of which it has been part, is extremely slow-moving and achieving the Minimum Essential Force goals by 2024 appears unlikely.
Rising food and water costs in Iran will continue to provide the populace with a reason to rebel.
The climate adaptation strategies that will be of most benefit to Indonesia include infrastructure reinforcement to gain resilience and robustness when faced with floods or droughts, the establishment of early warning systems, sustainable and adaptive farming practices and disaster insurance. This paper will suggest adaptation measures that can be taken by the Indonesian Government and the Indonesian people to prepare for a changing climate.
As a result of climatic change, Indonesia is likely to experience increased temperatures and more volatile dry and wet periods. Increased climate volatility is likely to reduce its domestic food and water security with implications for the supply of water to urban populations, the longevity of groundwater resources and agricultural productivity.
The resignation of Jacob Zuma offers a chance to move past his controversial presidency but the governing party is far from united. If the ANC can come together to govern equitably and in the best interests of all South Africans, while repudiating the corruption, incompetence and cronyism of the Zuma era, the Cyril Ramaphosa presidency may offer a welcome return to the optimism and vitality that initially characterised post-apartheid South Africa.
Politicians have used the review to shore up conservative votes at the expense of Indonesia’s LGBT community. At this stage, it is likely that the revision will be endorsed by parliament but it remains unclear whether it will be approved by President Jokowi.