Weaknesses in the Indonesian tourism industry identified by the World Economic Forum are being addressed by the government and noticeable improvements should be seen by 2019.
The decision to build a new naval base on Morotai Island is part of a wider strategy to extend the Indonesian military’s influence to the country’s outer islands.
New offers of assistance to the Philippines and greater co-operation in dealing with extremism in South-East Asian countries could follow the recent dialogue.
The meeting brought no significant outcomes, but it could lay the groundwork for closer relations as part of wider Indonesian efforts to enhance trade and investment with the European Union.
As Indonesia seeks international support to declare illegal fishing a transnational crime, it is only likely to go part way to addressing the problem. Multilateral operations that focus on combatting the issue will also be necessary.
The crackdown on anti-Pancasila organisations does not appear to specifically target hardline Islamic groups. New laws, however, may mean that those groups will have to tread lightly.
Legislation for tax reforms will likely be finalised by July to pave the way for an information exchange programme targeted at tax evasion from multinational corporations.
The visit will likely see billions of dollars poured into improving Indonesia’s oil refining capacity but it also raises the issue of the influence of Wahhabism and the “Arabisation” of Islam in Indonesia.
The developing bilateral free trade agreement will likely be discussed during the President’s quick visit to Sydney. Indonesia will also be looking to secure more investment and tourism from Australia.
The outcome of the election could mean either a humiliating defeat for hardline Islamic groups or a boost to their legitimacy within the political sphere.