Weaknesses in the Indonesian tourism industry identified by the World Economic Forum are being addressed by the government and noticeable improvements should be seen by 2019.
The decision to build a new naval base on Morotai Island is part of a wider strategy to extend the Indonesian military’s influence to the country’s outer islands.
New offers of assistance to the Philippines and greater co-operation in dealing with extremism in South-East Asian countries could follow the recent dialogue.
Myths, Perceptions and Reality: The Allocation of Marine Resources in the Arafura and Timor Seas – Part Two
Australia maintains that the maritime boundary should reflect the extent of Australia’s natural continental shelf, not the median line between it and Timor-Leste. Suggestions that Canberra has robbed Dili of its oil revenue and been unfair in the negotiations of at least three boundary agreements are mischievous and opportunistic. A protracted legal battle with Australia over the Greater Sunrise hydrocarbon deposits runs counter to the economic and security interests of Timor-Leste.
Myths, Perceptions and Reality: The Allocation of Marine Resources in the Arafura and Timor Seas – Part One
Despite generous financial support, there is a perception that Australia has been unfair to Timor-Leste in the allocation of the revenue that may be accrued from the hydrocarbon reserves in the Timor Sea. In fact, the humanitarian aid and generous assistance given by Australia has been mirrored in the provisions of the various maritime boundary agreements reached with its northern neighbours. At the same time, the geographical and legal bases by which Australia claims sovereign rights to the resources on and under its natural continental shelf are clear and unambiguous and reflect the geographical location of the resources.
The meeting brought no significant outcomes, but it could lay the groundwork for closer relations as part of wider Indonesian efforts to enhance trade and investment with the European Union.
As Indonesia seeks international support to declare illegal fishing a transnational crime, it is only likely to go part way to addressing the problem. Multilateral operations that focus on combatting the issue will also be necessary.
The crackdown on anti-Pancasila organisations does not appear to specifically target hardline Islamic groups. New laws, however, may mean that those groups will have to tread lightly.
Anies will look towards fulfilling his policy promises to prove his worth as a presidential candidate. The success of religious tensions in propelling him into power could also be utilised again.
Although the Indonesian economy continues to enjoy strong growth, and may even become the world’s fourth-largest by 2050, investment is desperately needed to improve infrastructure, which is necessary for future growth. Good progress has been made in introducing reforms to help small businesses and the country’s growing middle class has the potential to be a significant future driver of the economy.