A study showing increased levels of salt in the waters of the Nile Delta and reduced river flows significantly threatens the future liveability of the region.
Recycling wastewater will help relieve some of the pressure associated with rising water demand, but care will need to be taken to ensure that it is safely used.
Strategic Competition in Afghanistan: Why Leveraging Kabul’s Food and Water Security Situation Must be Earned, not Expected
Afghanistan’s food and water security future out to 2030 is looking increasingly hard to manage because of the institutional and security challenges, on top of newer tasks like climate change, that must be addressed before food and water can be properly securitised. India and Pakistan can better tap into Afghanistan’s food and water future if they can firstly service Kabul’s older needs, like military security and infrastructural/institutional development.
India’s groundwater levels are indicative of the country’s worsening water crisis. Sand is a vital component of a plentiful groundwater supply, but due to weak institutions and corrupt officials, this valuable resource is being illegally mined by “sand mafias” unconcerned by the country’s growing water insecurity.
At a time when Russia fears increased Chinese influence in the Far East, China has released plans detailing a potential pipeline from Siberia.
Food and water demand is likely to increase in the Middle East as a result of demographic, dietary and government-sponsored subsidy trends. While demand is expected to rise, innovative water supply solutions and an emerging trend that encourages conservation and waste minimisation could ensure that the region avoids extreme food and water insecurity.
The avian influenza A (H7N9) virus, which emerged in south-east China last month, is a new strain of the old H5N1 that is showing signs of some resistance to anti-viral drugs and increased lethality. Birds draw the short straw ahead of humans, however, and medicinal treatment, not viral mutation, seems the cause of resistance.
The construction of a new dam has been approved by the government in Vientiane, but there are many interests that may suffer under the project.
Despite recent efforts to mitigate drought stresses, farmers still report feeling unprepared, alone and unable to adapt in their struggle to manage existing food and water systems. The Sri Lankan Government must make a more grassroots strategy a main priority.
Removing impediments to food aid distribution will assist in ensuring that the country avoids rising levels of food insecurity. Overcoming these impediments, however, will be difficult in the absence of a more receptive political community in South Sudan.