Despite the essential role soil plays, there is a worldwide increase in soil degradation due to inappropriate management practices, population pressure, unsustainable agriculture, climate change and inadequate governance. Since 2012, World Soil Day has been held annually on 5 December to raise awareness and focus attention on the importance of the sustainable management of healthy soil resources. The theme for World Soil Day 2017 is “Caring for the Planet starts from the Ground” to bring attention to the importance of soil and the problem of soil degradation.
Climate Change and Violent Conflict in Kenyan Pastoral Lands: UN Sustainable Development Goals Present a Way Forward
Climate change contributes to rising tensions between pastoral communities in north-west Kenya. Adaptive measures that help achieve sustainable growth and development could reduce the potential for conflict. The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals offer a foundation upon which to build a national response that is sensitive to the specific needs of pastoral communities.
The ruling coalition in Timor-Leste is likely to dissolve if it is not able to secure the passage through parliament of its legislative programme. If that happens, a new coalition will have to be negotiated or another round of parliamentary elections held.
The International Committee of the Red Cross has committed to temporarily purchasing fuel to provide clean water to thousands of Yemenis in urgent need.
Air Chief Marshal Dhanoa’s recent statement was primarily aimed at a domestic audience. It was, for the most part, viewed as such by Pakistan and is an example of the truism that, in the Subcontinent, appearing weak is more dangerous than actually being weak.
An increase in the research and development of underused food crops will benefit those already producing and consuming them. With the development of new markets, however, these benefits could be exported to a much larger share of the global population.
Pakistan’s use of militant groups to achieve its goals in Afghanistan and India has served to degrade its relationship with the US, increase its dependence on China and place it in deeper trouble than ever before.
A growing Indonesia will be confronted by numerous challenges in the years ahead. Among those challenges are Indonesia’s leadership role in ASEAN, its position as a Muslim beacon of democracy and the need to reduce its dependence on China by broadening its economic relationships with other countries. The appeal of populist policies and phantom threats that distract officials from addressing deeper foreign policy issues must also be addressed.
The development of northern Australia, as outlined in the Federal Government White Paper, Our North Our Future: Developing Northern Australia of 2015, will be heavily dependent on the delivery of an adequate water supply to food and agribusiness and other industries if goals are to be achieved. While physical challenges can be overcome with detailed water resource assessments economic, environmental and governance issues may delay and limit development objectives.
Japan has called on certain South-East Asian countries to lift an import ban on agricultural products coming from areas affected by the Fukushima nuclear disaster, assuring the safety of food supplies. To boost agribusiness and exports, however, Japan needs to address wider structural flaws in its agricultural industry.